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About Agra city | Introduction | History | Agra’s Culture


The city of Agra is located in the western Uttar Pradesh state of northern India. It is located on the Yamuna River 200 kilometers southeast of Delhi on the Indo-Gangetic Plain.

The ancient Sanskrit epic Mahabharata referred to a place known as Agravana, and it is claimed that Ptolemy named the location Agra. It was constructed in the early 16th century as the capital of the Delhi sultanate by Sultan Sikandar of the Lodī dynasty. Agra was also a major Mughal capital at various points in the empire’s history. The city was ruled by the Jats, the Marathas, the Mughals, the Gwalior monarch, and ultimately the British from 1803 forward. It was the seat of government for the North-Western Province of India from 1833 to 1868 and was a major center of the 1857–58 Indian Mutiny.

For which things Agra is famous?


One of Agra’s most popular tourist attractions is the Taj Mahal, a 17th-century mausoleum recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983. The Taj Mahal, a multifaceted mausoleum, is regarded as the world’s finest example of Mughal architecture. Shah Jahān constructed the Mughal palace, Mumtāz Maḥal, in the mid-17th century to honor his favorite bride. The monumental Agra Fort (16th century), often known as the Red Fort because of its reddish sandstone walls, was erected by Emperor Akbar. The Pearl Mosque (Moti Masjid; 17th century) and the Palace of Jahangir (Jahangiri Mahal) are within the fort. In 1983, the fort was also declared a World Heritage monument.

The Great Mosque and the ornate mausoleum of Iʿtimād al-Dawlah, both of which are made of white marble, are also situated close to the Taj Mahal. At Sikandra, Akbar’s mausoleum is located toward the northwest.

Origin and Development

The unrivaled Taj Mahal resides in Agra, a place that is revered across the world. While the Taj Mahal is known to have been built in the 16th century, the tale of Agra was documented in the Mahabharata, and at the time was known as Agrabana and was considered a paradise. Geographer Ptolemy placed Agra on his globe map as the location of an Indian city in the second century A.D. A fort called Badalgarh, which is now situated in Raja Badal Singh, the city, was constructed on or near the location of the existing fort. Salman also wrote of a harrowing attack on the fort at Agra, and this happened about the year 1000, when it was in the possession of one King Jaipal. it was the Mughals that ultimately cultivated Agra with its most imposing structures: The magnificent structures of Shah Jahan, Akbar, Itmad-Ud-Daulah, and Sikander each remain as testaments to the city’s greatness throughout time.

Area and Population

According to the Agra district census, the total area is 10,863 square kilometers. A total population of 4,418,797 was recorded, with 2,364,953 men and 2,053,844 females.


The Agra district’s economy is mostly agricultural, whereas the city of Agra has small businesses, commerce, and trade as its primary source of income. Largely used food crops are wheat, paddy, bajra, mustard, and potato. Agra’s economy relies on industry for about 40 percent of the overall GDP (Directly or Indirectly). There are approximately 7,200 small industrial units in the area, and all of them have been saved. Handicrafts, Zari Zardozi, Marvel, and stone inlay work are all well known for their prevalence in Agra city. PETHA and Snaks are very popular in Agra (DALMOTH AND GAJAK).

Location, Boundaries, and Wheather

The Agra district lies in western Uttar Pradesh, between 27.11°N and 78.2°E. It is at an altitude of 169 meters above sea level. On the north, Mathura District limits it; on the south, Dhaulpur District limits it; on the east, Firozabad District limits it; and on the west, Bharatpur District limits it. The Yamuna River flows next to Agra.

In Agra, the highest and lowest temperatures in summer are 45D.C. and 21.9D.C., respectively, while in winter, the maximum is 131.7D.C. and the minimum is 4.2D.C.. The best tourist season is from October through March.

Agra’s culture

With its peaceful blend of cultures belonging to different religions such as Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, and others under one roof, Agra has a culturally rich heritage.

Every ruler has influenced the culture of this famous city, and we can see the results of their efforts in the form of structures and age-old beliefs. Due to its proximity to the cities of Vrindavan and Mathura, Agra has a strong Brij influence of Lord Krishna stories, but it is also influenced by Mughal culture, having been ruled by the Mughals for a long time. Agra also has relics of the Rajput rulers who came before the Mughals. Along with Urdu, English, and Brijbhasa, Hindi is Agra’s most important language.

Some FAQS about Agra

What is Agra’s importance?

Taj Mahal, a 17th-century architectural marvel in Agra and a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1983, is the city’s most well-known monument. A complex mausoleum, the Taj Mahal is often considered to be the world’s best example of Mughal architecture. It was constructed in the mid-17th century by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan for his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal.

What is Agra’s history?

We know that Agra was an old city in the time of the Mahabharata (see above), but Sultan Sikandar Lodi, a Muslim ruler of Delhi, established a new city at Agra in 1504 and named it after him. Sultan Ibrhm Lod succeeded his father as Sultan of the city after his death.

Agra is located in which state?

Uttar Pradesh is the state 

Agra, India’s northernmost city, sits on the Yamuna River’s banks. 378 kilometres separate it from Lucknow, the state capital, and New Delhi, the national capital. Mathura is 58 kilometres away, while Gwalior is 125 kilometres north.

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